Know that a disability can include any invisible, emotional, social and educational challenge. Whether you know someone with a disability or are simply interested in learning more, the following information can break down barriers caused by misinformation and misconceptions.
What is Autism?
Autism is a commonly used term for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
What is Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral palsy ("cerebral" refers to the brain and "palsy" means to deprive of action or energy) is not a disease, but a condition caused by damage to parts of the brain that control muscle coordination, balance and purposeful movement.
What is Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that occurs when an extra chromosome — chromosome 21 — is present in either the sperm or the egg at conception.
What is a Learning Disability?
A learning disability means having one or more related problems that affect specific areas of learning and behavior.
What is Post-Polio Syndrome?
Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a condition that affects polio survivors years after they've recovered from their initial bout with the disease.
What is Spina Bifida?
Spina bifida ("open spine") is a birth condition characterized by an incomplete closure of the spine.
What is a Stroke?
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted or a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding the vessels.