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What is Disability?

Know that a disability can include any invisible, emotional, social and educational challenge. Whether you know someone with a disability or are simply interested in learning more, the following information can break down barriers caused by misinformation and misconceptions.

Facts About Specific Disabilities


What is Autism?

Autism is a commonly used term for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).


What is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral palsy ("cerebral" refers to the brain and "palsy" means to deprive of action or energy) is not a disease, but a condition caused by damage to parts of the brain that control muscle coordination, balance and purposeful movement.


What is Down Syndrome?

Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that occurs when an extra chromosome — chromosome 21 — is present in either the sperm or the egg at conception.


What is a Learning Disability?

A learning disability means having one or more related problems that affect specific areas of learning and behavior.


What is Post-Polio Syndrome?

Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a condition that affects polio survivors years after they've recovered from their initial bout with the disease.


What is Spina Bifida?

Spina bifida ("open spine") is a birth condition characterized by an incomplete closure of the spine.


What is a Stroke?

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted or a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding the vessels.

Facts About Specific Disabilities En Español

Entendiendo el Autismo
Entendiendo la Parálisis Cerebral

Entendiendo los Derrames Cerebrales

Facts About Medical Rehabilitation

What is Medical Rehabilitation?
What is Physical Therapy?
What is Occupational Therapy?
What is Speech and Hearing Therapy?

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