What is a Challenging Behavior?
Any repeated pattern of behavior or PERCEPTION of behavior that interferes with learning or social interactions with others.
Behaviors serve different functions.
A function of a behavior is to get something.
• To get an object like a toy or candy or object they desire.
• To get someone’s attention, it could be an adult or a child’s attention.
Another function of behavior is to avoid something.
• This may be to avoid an activity such as shopping or a school assembly with large numbers of people.
• A behavior may be to avoid a person for example, a bully or someone who has a loud voice.
• The behavior may be to avoid an area for example, outside on a hot day.
Responding to sensory input is a function of behavior.
• We see behaviors in response to over-stimulation.
• Behaviors arise due to pain.
• Medications may cause some types of behaviors.
• Stress will increase behaviors.
• The inability to calm will increase behaviors.
After we are aware of the function of the behavior, we need to provide positive behavior supports and TEACH a child a more appropriate response.